Elbow

Elbow

Your elbow joint is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid. Muscles and tendons help the elbow joint move. When any of these structures is hurt or diseased, you have elbow problems.


Many things can make your elbow hurt. A common cause is tendinitis, an inflammation or injury to the tendons that attach muscle to bone. Tendinitis of the elbow is a sports injury, often from playing tennis or golf. You may also get tendonitis from overuse of the elbow.

Other causes of elbow pain include sprains, strains, fractures, dislocations, bursitis and arthritis. Treatment depends on the cause.

Latest News


Rubber Bar Exercises Help Relieve Tennis Elbow(07/14/2009, Reuters Health) - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_86894.html


Simple Steps Deliver Relief for Tennis Elbow(07/12/2009, HealthDay) - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_86775.html


'Cell Phone Elbow' -- A New Ill for the Wired Age(06/02/2009, HealthDay) - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_85085.html


Diagnosis/Symptoms
Bone X-Ray (Radiography)(American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) - http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=bonerad&bhcp=1


Also available in Spanish http://www.radiologyinfo.org/sp/info.cfm?pg=bonerad


Conventional Arthrography (Joint X-Ray)(American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) - http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=arthrog&bhcp=1


Also available in Spanish http://www.radiologyinfo.org/sp/info.cfm?pg=arthrog


Elbow Pain(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/elbow-pain/MY00115/METHOD=print&DSECTION=all


Electrodiagnostic Testing(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00270


Hand/Wrist/Arm Problems(American Academy of Family Physicians) - http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/tools/symptom/526.printerview.html


Treatment


Hand Surgery: Anesthesia(American Society for Surgery of the Hand) - http://www.assh.org/Public/HandConditions/Pages/HandSurgeryAnesthesia.aspx


Joint and Soft Tissue Injections(American Academy of Family Physicians) - http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/healthy/physical/injuries/774.printerview.html


Also available in Spanish http://familydoctor.org/online/famdoces/home/healthy/physical/injuries/774.printerview.html


Prevention/Screening
Taking Care of Your Hand, Wrist, and Elbow(American Physical Therapy Association) - Links to PDF - http://www.apta.org/AM/Images/APTAIMAGES/ContentImages/ptandbody/hand/hand.pdf


Rehabilitation/Recovery
Basic Wrist and Elbow Rehabilitation(National Aeronautics and Space Administration) - http://rehabworks.ksc.nasa.gov/education/protocols/basicwristelbow.php


Specific Conditions
Biceps Tendon Tear at the Elbow(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00376


Cubital Tunnel Syndrome(American Society for Surgery of the Hand) - http://www.assh.org/Public/HandConditions/Pages/CubitalTunnelSyndrome.aspx


Elbow (Olecranon) Bursitis(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00028


Elbow Dislocations and Fracture-Dislocations(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00029


Elbow Fractures(American Society for Surgery of the Hand) - http://www.assh.org/Public/HandConditions/Pages/ElbowFractures.aspx


Golfer's Elbow(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/golfers-elbow/DS00713/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print


Olecranon Fractures of the Elbow(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00503


Osteoarthritis of the Elbow(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00421


Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD)(American Academy of Family Physicians) - http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/articles/488.printerview.html


Also available in Spanish

http://familydoctor.org/online/famdoces/home/articles/488.printerview.html


Radial Head Fractures(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00073&return_link=0


Repetitive Motion Disorders From the National Institutes of Health(National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) - Short Summary -

http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/repetitive_motion/repetitive_motion.htm


Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00068


Ulnar Nerve Entrapment(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00069


Health Check Tools
Elbow Pain(DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/elbow-pain/visit-virtual-doctor.htm


Tutorials
Tennis Elbow(Patient Education Institute) - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tutorials/tenniselbow/htm/index.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/tutorials/tenniselbowspanish/htm/index.htm


Clinical Trials


ClinicalTrials.gov: Elbow Injuries From the National Institutes of Health(National Institutes of Health) - Links to PDF - http://clinicaltrials.gov/search/open/condition=%22Elbow%22


ClinicalTrials.gov: Tennis Elbow From the National Institutes of Health(National Institutes of Health) - http://clinicaltrials.gov/search/open/condition=%22Tennis+Elbow%22


Journal Articles


References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
Article: Real-time sonoelastography of lateral epicondylitis: comparison of findings between patients... -

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=19542412&tool=MedlinePlus


Article: Long-term results after Ilizarov treatment for severe high-energy injuries of... - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=19509627&tool=MedlinePlus


Article: Anterior olecranon fracture-dislocations of the elbow in children. A report... - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=19487529&tool=MedlinePlus


Elbow Injuries and Disorders -- see more articles - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=search&db=pubmed&term=(tennis+elbow[majr]+OR+elbow/injuries[majr]+OR+elbow+joint/injuries[majr])+AND+english[la]+AND+humans[mh]+AND+(jsubsetaim[text]+OR+jsubsetk[text]+OR+jsubsetn[text]+OR+patient+education+handout[pt]+OR+systematic[sb]+OR+clinical+trial[pt]+OR+guideline[pt])+NOT+(letter[pt]+OR+editorial[pt]+OR+case+reports[pt])&doptcmdl=summary&cmd_current=Limits&pmfilter_EDatLimit=last+1+Year&tool=MedlinePlus


Dictionaries/Glossaries


Glossary of Orthopaedic Words(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/glossary.cfm


Directories
Find a Hand Surgeon(American Society for Surgery of the Hand) - http://www.assh.org/Public/Pages/HandSurgeons.aspx


Find a Hand Therapist(American Society of Hand Therapists) - http://asht.smithbucklin.com/custom/index.cfm?section=customer


Find an Orthopaedist(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://www6.aaos.org/about/public/members.cfm


Organizations


American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - http://www.aaos.org/

American Society for Surgery of the Hand - http://www.assh.org/


National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases - http://www.niams.nih.gov/
Also available in Spanish http://www.niams.nih.gov/Portal_En_Espanol/


Children
Elbow Fractures in Children(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00037


Also available in Spanish http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00488


Nursemaid's Elbow(Children's Hospital Boston) - http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site1082/mainpageS1082P0.html


Throwing Injuries in the Elbow(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00328

What's a Funny Bone?(Nemours Foundation) - http://kidshealth.org/kid/talk/qa/funny_bone.html


You may also be interested in these MedlinePlus related pages:

Hand Injuries and Disorders - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/handinjuriesanddisorders.html


Wrist Injuries and Disorders - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/wristinjuriesanddisorders.html


Bones, Joints and Muscles - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bonesjointsandmuscles.html

Injuries and Wounds - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/injuriesandwounds.html


The primary NIH organization for research on Elbow Injuries and Disorders is the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases -http://www.niams.nih.gov/

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