Starting on Saturday, September 15th, our clinic will be open on Saturdays from 7 am to 12 pm.

Ankle / Foot

Ankle / Foot

Ankle Injuries and Disorders

URL of this page: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ankleinjuriesan...

Your ankle bone and the ends of your two lower leg bones make up the ankle joint. Your ligaments, which connect bones to one another, stabilize and support it. Your muscles and tendons move it.

The most common ankle problems are sprains and fractures. A sprain is an injury to the ligaments. It may take a few weeks to many months to heal completely. A fracture is a break in a bone. You can also injure other parts of the ankle such as tendons, which join muscles to bone, and cartilage, which cushions your joints. Ankle sprains and fractures are common sports injuries.

Start Here


Ankle Problems(American Academy of Family Physicians) - http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/tools/symptom/543.printerview.html


Overviews
Ankle Pain(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/ankle-pain/MY00083/METHOD=print


Latest News
Artificial Ankle Takes Giant Step Forward(06/18/2009, HealthDay) - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_85794.html


FDA Approves New Total Ankle Replacement System (05/27/2009, Food and Drug Administration) - http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm162046.htm


Diagnosis/Symptoms
Ankle Problems(American Academy of Family Physicians) - http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/tools/symptom/543.printerview.html


Bone X-Ray (Radiography)(American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) - http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=bonerad&bhcp=1


Also available in Spanish http://www.radiologyinfo.org/sp/info.cfm?pg=bonerad


Conventional Arthrography (Joint X-Ray)(American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) - http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=arthrog&bhcp=1


Also available in Spanish http://www.radiologyinfo.org/sp/info.cfm?pg=arthrog

Treatment


Care of Casts and Splints(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00095


Also available in Spanish http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00496


Foot and Ankle Injuries(American Podiatric Medical Association) - http://www.apma.org/MainMenu/Foot-Health/FootHealt...

Foot and Ankle Injuries.aspx


Also available in Spanish http://www.apma.org/MainMenu/Foot-Health/FootHealthBrochures/EnEspanol/SuMeacutedicoPodiatraHabladeHeridasdePieyTobillo.aspx


Joint and Soft Tissue Injections(American Academy of Family Physicians) - http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/healthy/physical/injuries/774.printerview.html


Also available in Spanish http://familydoctor.org/online/famdoces/home/healthy/physical/injuries/774.printerview.html


What Is a Foot and Ankle Surgeon?(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footanklesurgeon/


Rehabilitation/Recovery
Ankle Sprain Strengthening Exercises(American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) - http://www.aofas.org/Scripts/4Disapi.dll/4DCGI/cms/review.html?Action=CMS_Document&DocID=57


Ankle Sprain Stretching Exercises(American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) - http://www.aofas.org/Scripts/4Disapi.dll/4DCGI/cms/review.html?Action=CMS_Document&DocID=58


MedlinePlus: Mobility AidsFrom the National Institutes of Health - Canes, crutches, walkers, wheelchairs - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/mobilityaids.html


Specific Conditions
Ankle Fractures(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00391


Arthritis of the Foot and Ankle(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00209


Broken Ankle/Broken Foot(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/broken-ankle/DS00951/METHOD=print


Chronic Ankle Instability(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/chronic-ankle-instability.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/inestabilidad-cronica-de-tobillo.htm


Equinus(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/Equinus.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/equinismo.htm


Fracture of the Talus(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00170


Os Trigonum Syndrome(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/os_trigonum_syndrome.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/Síndrome_del_Hueso_Trígono.htm


Osteoarthritis of the Foot and Ankle(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/osteoarthritis.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/osteoartritis-del-pie-y-el-tobillo.htm


Peroneal Tendon Injuries(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/peroneal-tendon.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/lesiones-del-tendon-peroneo.htm


Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Foot and Ankle(American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00163&return_link=0


Sprained Ankle(American Academy of Orthopaedic

Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00150


Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00379


Talar Dome Lesion(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/Lesion.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/Lesion.htm


Related Issues


Leg Swelling(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/leg-swelling/MY00592/METHOD=print

Questions and Answers about Sprains and StrainsFrom the National Institutes of Health(National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases) - http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Sprains_Strains/default.asp


Health Check Tools
Ankle Injury(DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/ankle-injury/visit-virtual-d...
Ankle Swelling (Both Ankles)(DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/ankle-swelling-bilateral/vis...
Ankle Swelling (One Ankle)(DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/ankle-swelling-unilateral/vi...
Videos
Ankle Sprain(Healthy Roads Media) - http://www.healthyroadsmedia.org/english/Files/flv...
Tendon and Ligament Repairs in the Foot and Ankle(OR-Live) - One hour program - http://www.or-live.com/distributors/NLM/rnh.cfm?id...
Also available in Spanish http://www.or-live.com/distributors/NLM-Spanish/wr...
Clinical Trials
ClinicalTrials.gov: Ankle Injuries From the National Institutes of Health(National Institutes of Health) - http://clinicaltrials.gov/search/open/condition=%2...
Journal Articles
References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
Article: Simultaneous reconstruction of the medial and lateral ligament complexes of... - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retri...
Article: Micromotion at the fracture site after tibial nailing with four... - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retri...
Article: A occult and regular combination injury: the posterior malleolar fracture... - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=19430243&tool=MedlinePlus


Ankle Injuries and Disorders -- see more articles - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=search&db=pubmed&term=ankle+injuries[mh]+OR+ankle/ab[mh]+OR+ankle+joint/ab[mh]+AND+humans[mh]+AND+english[la]+AND+(jsubsetk[text]+OR+patient+education+handout[pt]+OR+jsubsetn[text]+OR+jsubsetaim[text]+OR+review[pt]+OR+guideline[pt]+OR+clinical+trial[pt])+NOT+letter[pt]&doptcmdl=summary&cmd_current=Limits&pmfilter_EDatLimit=last+1+Year&tool=MedlinePlus


Dictionaries/Glossaries
Glossary of Foot and Ankle Terms(American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) - http://www.aofas.org/scripts/4disapi.dll/4DCGI/cms/review.html?Action=CMS_Document&DocID=94


Glossary of Orthopaedic Words(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/glossary.cfm


Directories
Find a Physician (Podiatrist)(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/findphysician/default.htm?disclaimer=1


Find an Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle MD(American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) - http://www.aofas.org/Scripts/4Disapi.dll/4DCGI/directory/person.html?Action=AOFAS&AOFAS_Activity=Directory&MenuKey=123&Time=77704784&SessionID=88303289sfi4661559tb9f1p3j86a4a85344ld49u0034xa00j3495nbi16f1fz7


Find an Orthopaedist(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://www6.aaos.org/about/public/members.cfm

Organizations
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - http://www.aaos.org/


American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society - http://www.aofas.org/


National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases From the National Institutes of Health - http://www.niams.nih.gov/


Also available in Spanish http://www.niams.nih.gov/Portal_En_Espanol/


Children
Pediatric and Adolescent Foot and Ankle Problems(Cleveland Clinic Foundation) - http://my.clevelandclinic.org/healthy_living/childrens_health/hic_pediatric_and_adolescent_foot_and_ankle_problems.aspx


You may also be interested in these MedlinePlus related pages:
Foot Injuries and Disorders - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/footinjuriesanddisorders.html


Sprains and Strains - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sprainsandstrains.html


Bones, Joints and Muscles - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bonesjointsandmuscles.html


Injuries and Wounds - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/injuriesandwounds.html


The primary NIH organization for research on Ankle Injuries and Disorders is the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases -http://www.niams.nih.gov/

Ankle Injuries and Disorders - Multiple Languages - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/ankle...

Date last updated: July 05 2009
Topic last reviewed: June 03 2009
From MedlinePlus (http://medlineplus.gov), 24 Hour Health Information.



Foot Injuries and Disorders


URL of this page: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/footinjuriesand...

Each of your feet has 26 bones, 33 joints, and more than 100 tendons, muscles and ligaments. No wonder a lot of things can go wrong. Here are a few common problems:

Bunions - hard, painful bumps on the big toe joint
Hammer toes - toes that curl downward into a claw-like position
Calluses and corns - thickened skin from friction or pressure
Plantar warts - warts on the soles of your feet
Fallen arches - also called flat feet
Ill-fitting shoes often cause these problems. Aging and being overweight also increase your chances of having foot problems.

Start Here
Common Foot Problems(Logical Images) - http://www.visualdxhealth.com/diseaseGroups/feet.htm


Overviews
Adult Foot(American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) - http://www.aofas.org/scripts/4disapi.dll/4DCGI/cms/review.html?Action=CMS_Document&DocID=62


Latest News
Health Tip: Keep Feet Healthy This Summer(06/30/2009, HealthDay) - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_86255.html


Diagnosis/Symptoms
Bone X-Ray (Radiography)(American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) - http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=bonerad&bhcp=1


Also available in Spanish http://www.radiologyinfo.org/sp/info.cfm?pg=bonerad


Foot Problems(American Academy of Family Physicians) - http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/tools/symptom/544.printerview.html


Foot Push-Up Test(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/push-up.htm


Watch Out for These Red Flags(American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) - http://www.aofas.org/Scripts/4Disapi.dll/4DCGI/cms/review.html?Action=CMS_Document&DocID=75


Where Does It Hurt?(American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) - http://www.aofas.org/Scripts/4Disapi.dll/4DCGI/cms/review.html?Action=CMS_Document&DocID=187


Treatment
Foot and Ankle Injuries(American Podiatric Medical Association) - http://www.apma.org/MainMenu/Foot-Health/FootHealthBrochures/GeneralFootHealthBrochures/FootandAnkleInjuries.aspx


Also available in Spanish http://www.apma.org/MainMenu/Foot-Health/FootHealthBrochures/EnEspanol/SuMeacutedicoPodiatraHabladeHeridasdePieyTobillo.aspx


Forefoot Surgery(American Podiatric Medical Association) - http://www.apma.org/MainMenu/Foot-Health/FootHealthBrochures/GeneralFootHealthBrochures/ForefootSurgery.aspx


Orthotics(American Podiatric Medical Association) - http://www.apma.org/MainMenu/Foot-Health/FootHealthBrochures/GeneralFootHealthBrochures/Orthotics.aspx


Also available in Spanish http://www.apma.org/MainMenu/Foot-Health/FootHealthBrochures/EnEspanol/SuMeacutedicoPodiatraHabladeOrtesis.aspx


Rearfoot Surgery(American Podiatric Medical Association) - http://www.apma.org/MainMenu/Foot-Health/FootHealthBrochures/GeneralFootHealthBrochures/RearfootSurgery.aspx


Rehabilitation/Recovery
MedlinePlus: Mobility Aids - Canes, crutches, walkers, wheelchairs - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/mobilityaids.html


Disease Management
Acute Inflammation(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/inflammation.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/inflamacion-aguda.htm


Specific Conditions
Arthritis(American Podiatric Medical Association) - http://www.apma.org/MainMenu/Foot-Health/FootHealthBrochures/GeneralFootHealthBrochures/Arthritis.aspx


Also available in Spanish http://www.apma.org/MainMenu/Foot-Health/FootHealthBrochures/GeneralFootHealthBrochures/EnEspanol/SuMeacutedicoPodiatraHabladeArtritis.aspx


Blisters: First Aid(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/first-aid-blisters/WL00008/METHOD=print


Broken Ankle/Broken Foot(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/broken-ankle/DS00951/METHOD=print


Burning Feet(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/burning-feet/MY00409/METHOD=print&DSECTION=all


Cavus Foot (High-Arched Foot)(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/cavus-foot.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/pie-cavo.htm


Charcot Foot(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/charcot-foot.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/pie-de-charcot.htm


Compartment Syndrome(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00204


Corns and Calluses(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/corns-and-calluses/DS00033/METHOD=print


Equinus(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/Equinus.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/equinismo.htm


Flexible Flatfoot(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/flatfoot.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/pie-plano-fl...
Foot DropFrom the National Institutes of Health(National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) - http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/foot_drop/foot_drop.htm


Foot Sprain(InteliHealth) - http://www.intelihealth.com/IH/ihtPrint/WSIHW000/9...
Fracture of the Talus(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00170


Fractures of the Fifth Metatarsal(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/fifth-metatarsal_fractures.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/fracturas-del-quinto-metatarsiano.htm


Ganglion Cyst(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/ganglion-cyst.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/quiste-de-ganglio.htm


Get Square with Your Feet: Add Arthritis to the Mix(Arthritis Foundation) - http://www.arthritis.org/foot-care.php


Itchy Hands or Feet(Logical Images) - http://www.visualdxhealth.com/diseaseGroups/itchyHandsFeet.htm


Lisfranc (Midfoot) Fractures(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00162&return_link=0


Malignant Melanoma of the Foot(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/Malignant_Melanoma.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/melanoma-maligno-del-pie.htm


Metatarsalgia(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/metatarsalgia/DS00496/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print


Morton’s Neuroma(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/mortons-neuroma.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/neuroma-de-morton.htm

Peroneal Tendon Injuries(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/peroneal-tendon.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/lesiones-del-tendon-peroneo.htm


Plantar Fibroma(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/Plantar_Fibroma.htm


Plantar Warts(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/plantar-warts/DS00509/METHOD=print


Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00166


Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD)(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/pttd.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/disfuncion-del-tendon-tibial-posterior.htm


Puncture Wounds(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/puncture-wounds.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/heridas-por-puncion.htm


Sesamoid Injuries in the Foot and Turf Toe(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/Sesamoid_Injuries.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/lesiones-en-un-hueso-sesamoideo-del-pie.htm


Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00379


Tarsal Coalition(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/Tarsal_Coalition.htm

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/tarsal-tunnel-syndrome.htm

Trench Foot or Immersion Foot(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/trenchfoot.asp


Also available in Spanish http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/espanol/trenchfoot.asp


Pictures & Photographs
Callus(Logical Images) - http://www.visualdxhealth.com/adult/callus.htm


Corn(Logical Images) - http://www.visualdxhealth.com/adult/corn.htm


Pitted Keratolysis(Logical Images) - http://www.visualdxhealth.com/adult/pittedKeratolysis.htm


Plantar Wart(Logical Images) - http://www.visualdxhealth.com/adult/plantarWart.htm


Health Check Tools


Foot Pain(DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/foot-pain/visit-virtual-doctor.htm


Foot Swelling (DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/foot-swelling-unilateral/visit-virtual-doctor.htm


Numbness of the Feet or Toes(DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/numbness-of-the-feet-or-toes/visit-virtual-doctor.htm

Videos
Tendon and Ligament Repairs in the Foot and Ankle(OR-Live) - One hour program - http://www.or-live.com/distributors/NLM/rnh.cfm?id=297


Also available in Spanish http://www.or-live.com/distributors/NLM-Spanish/wrm_1463/rnh_sp.cfm


Clinical Trials
ClinicalTrials.gov: Foot Diseases From the National Institutes of Health(National Institutes of Health) - http://clinicaltrials.gov/search/open/condition=%22Foot+Diseases%22


ClinicalTrials.gov: Foot Injuries From the National Institutes of Health(National Institutes of Health) - http://clinicaltrials.gov/search/open/condition=%22Foot+Injuries%22


Genetics
Genetics Home Reference: Hand-foot-genital syndromeFrom the National Institutes of Health(National Library of Medicine) - http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=handfootgenitalsyndrome


Journal Articles
References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
Article: Can shoe inserts from the drugstore relieve foot pain? - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=19492435&tool=MedlinePlus


Article: Early results of the Ponseti method for the treatment of... - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=19487512&tool=MedlinePlus


Article: Computed tomography of the bones of the foot: neoplastic disease. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=19478640&tool=MedlinePlus


Foot Injuries and Disorders -- see more articles - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=search&db=pubmed&term=(foot[majr]+AND+(orthotic+devices[majr]+OR+sports[majr]+OR+athletic+injuries[majr]))+OR+(foot/ab[majr]+OR+tarsal+joints[majr]+OR+foot+injuries[majr]+OR+(foot+diseases[majr]+NOT+(fasciitis,plantar[mh]+OR+heel+spur[mh]+OR+metatarsalgia[mh]))+OR+foot+deformities[majr])+NOT+(leg[majr:noexp]+OR+ankle+injuries[mh]+OR+! ankle[mh]+OR+ankle+joint[mh]+OR+heel[majr]+OR+leg+injuries[majr:noexp]+OR+femoral+fractures[majr:noexp]+OR+tibial+fractures[majr]+OR+leg+bones/injuries[majr:noexp]+OR+diabetic+foot[mh]+OR+tinea+pedis[mh]+OR+toes[majr]+OR+toe+joint[majr]+OR+hammer+toe+syndrome[majr]+OR+hallux+valgus[majr]+OR+hallux+varus[majr])+AND+humans[mh]+AND+english[la]+AND+(jsubsetk[text]+OR+patient+education+handout[pt]+OR+jsubsetn[text]+OR+jsubsetaim[text]+OR+review[pt]+OR+guideline[pt]+OR+clinical+trial[pt]+OR+systematic[sb])+NOT+(letter[pt]+OR+editorial[pt]+OR+case+reports[pt])&doptcmdl=summary&cmd_current=Limits&pmfilter_EDatLimit=last+1+Year&tool=MedlinePlus


Dictionaries/Glossaries
Glossary of Foot and Ankle Terms(American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) - http://www.aofas.org/scripts/4disapi.dll/4DCGI/cms/review.html?Action=CMS_Document&DocID=94


Glossary of Orthopaedic Words(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/glossary.cfm


Directories
American Podiatric Medical Association: Find a Professional(American Podiatric Medical Association) - http://iweb.apma.org/buyersguide/professionalsearch.aspx?x=23&y=6


Find a Physician (Podiatrist)(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/findphysician/default.htm?disclaimer=1


Find an Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle MD(American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) - http://www.aofas.org/Scripts/4Disapi.dll/4DCGI/directory/person.html?Action=AOFAS&AOFAS_Activity=Directory&MenuKey=123&Time=77704784&SessionID=88303289sfi4661559tb9f1p3j86a4a85344ld49u0034xa00j3495nbi16f1fz7


Find an Orthopaedist(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://www6.aaos.org/about/public/members.cfm


Organizations
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - http://www.aaos.org/


American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society - http://www.aofas.org/


American Podiatric Medical Association - http://www.apma.org/


National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases From the National Institutes of Health - http://www.niams.nih.gov/


Also available in Spanish http://www.niams.nih.gov/Portal_En_Espanol/


Law and Policy
Medicare(American Podiatric Medical Association) - http://www.apma.org/MainMenu/Foot-Health/FootHealthBrochures/GeneralFootHealthBrochures/MedicareBrochures/Medicare.aspx


Statistics
If the Shoe Fits, Wear It(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00146&return_link=0


Children
Blisters, Calluses, and Corns(Nemours Foundation) - http://kidshealth.org/kid/ill_injure/aches/blisters.html


Also available in Spanish http://kidshealth.org/kid/en_espanol/enfermadades/blisters_esp.html


Clubfoot(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00255


Also available in Spanish http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00483


Common Childhood Orthopedic Conditions(Nemours Foundation) - http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/bones/common_ortho.html


Also available in Spanish http://kidshealth.org/parent/en_espanol/general/common_ortho_esp.html


Flexible Flatfoot in Children(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00046


Intoeing(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00055&return_link=0


Pediatric Flatfoot(American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons) - http://www.footphysicians.com/footankleinfo/pediatric-flatfoot.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.footphysicians.com/espanol/pie-plano-pe...
Polydactyly (Supernumerary Digit)(Logical Images) - http://www.visualdxhealth.com/infant/supernumeraryDigit.htm


Problems with Legs and Feet(Nemours Foundation) - http://kidshealth.org/kid/health_problems/bone/orthopedic_conditions.html


Sweaty Sock Syndrome (Juvenile Plantar Dermatosis)(Logical Images) - http://www.visualdxhealth.com/child/juvenilePlantarDermatosis.htm


Why Do Feet Stink?(Nemours Foundation) - http://kidshealth.org/kid/talk/yucky/feet_stink.html


Why Does My Foot Fall Asleep?(Nemours Foundation) - http://kidshealth.org/kid/talk/qa/foot_asleep.html


Seniors
Foot CareFrom the National Institutes of Health(National Institute on Aging) - http://www.nia.nih.gov/HealthInformation/Publications/footcare.htm


Also available in Spanish http://www.nia.nih.gov/HealthInformation/Publications/Spanish/footcare-sp.htm


Foot Problems(AGS Foundation for Health in Aging) - http://www.healthinaging.org/agingintheknow/chapters_ch_trial.asp?ch=42


You may also be interested in these MedlinePlus related pages:
Ankle Injuries and Disorders - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ankleinjuriesanddisorders.html


Diabetic Foot - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/diabeticfoot.html


Foot Health - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/foothealth.html


Heel Injuries and Disorders - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/heelinjuriesanddisorders.html

Leg Injuries and Disorders - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/leginjuriesanddisorders.html


Toe Injuries and Disorders - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/toeinjuriesanddisorders.html


Bones, Joints and Muscles - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bonesjointsandmuscles.html


Injuries and Wounds - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/injuriesandwounds.html


The primary NIH organization for research on Foot Injuries and Disorders is the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases -http://www.niams.nih.gov/



Date last updated: July 11 2009
Topic last reviewed: April 04 2009
From MedlinePlus (http://medlineplus.gov), 24 Hour Health Information.

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