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Back

Back

Your back is an intricate structure of bones, muscles, and other tissues extending from your neck to your pelvis. Back injuries can result from sports injuries, work around the house or in the garden, or a sudden jolt such as a car accident. The lower back is the most common site of back injuries and back pain. Common back injuries include


Sprains and strains
Herniated disks
Fractured vertebrae
These injuries can cause pain and limit your movement. Treatments vary but might include medicines, icing, bed rest, physical therapy or surgery. You might be able to prevent some back injuries by maintaining a healthy weight, lifting objects with your legs and using lower-back support when you sit.

Overviews


Back Pain at Work: Preventing Aches, Pains and Injuries(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/back-pain/HQ00955/METHOD=print


Taking Care of Your Back(American Physical Therapy Association) - Links to PDF - http://www.apta.org/AM/Images/APTAIMAGES/ContentImages/ptandbody/back/back.pdf


Diagnosis/Symptoms
MRI of the Spine(American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) - http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=spinemr


Also available in Spanish http://www.radiologyinfo.org/sp/info.cfm?pg=spinemr


Treatment


Back Surgery: When Is It a Good Idea?(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/back-surgery/HQ00305/METHOD=print


Kyphoplasty(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00388


Spinal Fusion(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00348


Prevention/Screening


Back Facts: A Training Workbook to Prevent Back Injuries in Nursing Homes(Occupational Safety and Health Administration) - http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/healthcarefacilities/training/


Lifting Safety: Tips To Help Prevent Back Injuries(American Academy of Family Physicians) - http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/healthy/safety/safety/174.printerview.html


Also available in Spanish http://familydoctor.org/online/famdoces/home/healthy/safety/safety/174.printerview.html


Specific Conditions


Facet Joint Syndrome(Cleveland Clinic Foundation) - http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/facet_joint_syndrome/hic_facet_joint_syndrome.aspx


Fracture of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00368&return_link=0


Low Back Strain and Sprain(American Association of Neurological Surgeons) - http://www.neurosurgerytoday.org/what/patient_e/low_%20back_strain_sprain05.asp


Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00053

Health Check Tools


Back Injury(DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/back-injury/visit-virtual-doctor.htm


Back Injury from Lifting(DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/back-injury-from-lifting/visit-virtual-doctor.htm


Videos


Kyphoplasty for Vertebral Compression Fractures(OR-Live) - One hour program - 4/19/2007 - http://www.or-live.com/distributors/NLM/rnh.cfm?id=426


Clinical Trials


ClinicalTrials.gov: Back Injuries(National Institutes of Health) - http://clinicaltrials.gov/search/open/condition=%22Back+Injuries%22


Journal Articles


References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
Article: Health tips. Luggage without pain. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=19400009&tool=MedlinePlus

Article: Occupational health nurses--the solution to absence management? - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=19338262&tool=MedlinePlus


Article: Evolving ergonomics? - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=19308821&tool=MedlinePlus


Back Injuries -- see more articles - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=search&db=pubmed&term=back+injuries[mh:noexp]+AND+english[la]+AND+humans[mh]+AND+(review[pt]+OR+guideline[pt]+OR+clinical+trial[pt]+OR+jsubsetk[text]+OR+jsubsetaim[text]+OR+jsubsetn[text]+OR+patient+education+handout[pt])+NOT+(case+reports[pt]+OR+editorial[pt]+OR+letter[pt])&doptcmdl=summary&cmd_current=Limits&pmfilter_EDatLimit=last+2+Years&tool=MedlinePlus


Directories
Find an Orthopaedist(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://www6.aaos.org/about/public/members.cfm


Organizations
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - http://www.aaos.org/
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases - http://www.niams.nih.gov/


Also available in Spanish http://www.niams.nih.gov/Portal_En_Espanol/


Children
Backpack Safety(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00043


You may also be interested in these MedlinePlus related pages:
Back Pain - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/backpain.html


Herniated Disk - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/herniateddisk.html


Bones, Joints and Muscles - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bonesjointsandmuscles.html


Injuries and Wounds - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/injuriesandwounds.html


The primary NIH organization for research on Back Injuries is the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases - http://www.niams.nih.gov/


Back Injuries - Multiple Languages - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/backinjuries.html


Date last updated: July 15 2009
Topic last reviewed: July 02 2009
From MedlinePlus (http://medlineplus.gov), 24 Hour Health Information.

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