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Leg

Leg

Your legs are made up of bones, blood vessels, muscles and other connective tissue. They are important for motion and standing. Playing sports, running, falling or having an accident can damage your legs. Common leg injuries include sprains and strains, dislocations, and fractures.


These injuries can affect the entire leg, or just the foot, ankle, knee, or hip. Certain diseases also lead to leg problems. For example, knee osteoarthritis, common in older people, can cause pain and limited motion. Problems in your veins in your legs can lead to varicose veins or deep vein thrombosis.

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Leg Problems(American Academy of Family Physicians) - http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/tools/symptom/541.printerview.html


Diagnosis/Symptoms
Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI)(Society for Vascular Surgery) - http://www.vascularweb.org/patients/NorthPoint/Ankle_Blood_Pressure_Measurement_ABI.html


Duplex Ultrasound(Society for Vascular Surgery) - http://www.vascularweb.org/patients/NorthPoint/Duplex_Ultrasound.html


Leg Problems(American Academy of Family Physicians) - http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/tools/symptom/541.printerview.html


Treatment
Amputation(Society for Vascular Surgery) - http://www.vascularweb.org/patients/NorthPoint/Amputation.html


Angioplasty and Stenting(Society for Vascular Surgery) - http://www.vascularweb.org/patients/NorthPoint/Angioplasty_and_Stenting.html


Endarterectomy(Society for Vascular Surgery) - http://www.vascularweb.org/patients/NorthPoint/Endarterectomy.html


Surgical Bypass(Society for Vascular Surgery) - http://www.vascularweb.org/patients/NorthPoint/Surgical_Bypass.html


Thrombolytic Therapy(Society for Vascular Surgery) - http://www.vascularweb.org/patients/NorthPoint/Thrombolytic_Therapy.html


Rehabilitation/Recovery
MedlinePlus: Mobility AidsFrom the National Institutes of Health - Canes, crutches, walkers, wheelchairs - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/mobilityaids.html


Specific Conditions
Achilles Tendon Rupture(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/achilles-tendon-rupture/DS00160/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print


Broken Leg(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/broken-leg/DS00978/METHOD=print


Chronic Venous Insufficiency(Society for Vascular Surgery) - http://www.vascularweb.org/patients/NorthPoint/Chronic_Venous_Insufficiency.html


Claudication(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/claudication/DS01052/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print


Compartment Syndrome(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00204


Edema(American Academy of Family Physicians) - http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/articles/840.printerview.html


Also available in Spanish http://familydoctor.org/online/famdoces/home/articles/840.printerview.html


Fractures of the Proximal Tibia(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00393


Hamstring Muscle Strain(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00408


Hereditary Spastic ParaplegiaFrom the National Institutes of Health(National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) - Short Summary - http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/hereditary_spastic_paraplegia/hereditary_spastic_paraplegia.htm


Leg Strain(InteliHealth, Harvard Medical School) - http://www.intelihealth.com/IH/ihtPrint/WSIHW000/9339/31318.html?hide=t&k=basePrint


Leg Swelling(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/leg-swelling/MY00592/METHOD=print


Limb Length Discrepancy(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00259


Lymphedema(Society for Vascular Surgery) - http://www.vascularweb.org/patients/NorthPoint/Lymphedema.html


Meralgia ParestheticaFrom the National Institutes of Health(National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) - Short Summary - http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/meralgia_paresthetica/meralgia_paresthetica.htm


Muscle Cramp(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00200


Muscle Strains in the Thigh(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00366


Night Leg Cramps(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/night-leg-cramps/MY00410/METHOD=print


Overuse Injuries(National Athletic Trainers' Association) - http://www.nata.org/consumer/overuse.htm


Peripheral Aneurysms(Society for Vascular Surgery) - http://www.vascularweb.org/patients/NorthPoint/Peripheral_Aneurysms.html


Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)(Society for Vascular Surgery) - http://www.vascularweb.org/patients/NorthPoint/Leg_Artery_Disease.html


Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00166


Pseudoclaudication vs. Claudication: What's the Difference?(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/pseudoclaudication/HQ01278/METHOD=print


Questions and Answers about Growth Plate InjuriesFrom the National Institutes of Health(National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases) - http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Growth_Plate_Injuries/default.asp


Questions and Answers about Sprains and StrainsFrom the National Institutes of Health(National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases) - http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Sprains_Strains/default.asp


Repetitive Motion DisordersFrom the National Institutes of Health(National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) - Short Summary - http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/repetitive_motion/repetitive_motion.htm


Shin Splints(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/shin-splints/DS00271/METHOD=print&DSECTION=all


Shinbone Fractures(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00161


Thighbone Fracture(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00364


Thrombophlebitis(Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) - http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/thrombophlebitis/DS00223/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print


NewTroyer Syndrome(National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) - Short Summary - http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/troyer_syndrome/troyer_syndrome.htm


Pictures & Photographs
Stasis Ulcer(Logical Images) - http://www.visualdxhealth.com/adult/stasisUlcerVenousUlcer.htm


Health Check Tools
Burning Sensation of the Extremities(DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/burning-sensation-of-the-extremities/visit-virtual-doctor.htm

Calf Pain (DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/calf-pain-unilateral/visit-virtual-doctor.htm


Leg Cramps (DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/leg-cramps-unilateral/visit-virtual-doctor.htm


Leg Pain (DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/leg-pain-one-leg/visit-virtual-doctor.htm


Leg Swelling (Both Legs)(DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/leg-swelling-bilateral/visit-virtual-doctor.htm


Leg Swelling (One Leg)(DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/leg-swelling-one-leg/visit-virtual-doctor.htm


Leg Weakness (DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/leg-weakness-unilateral/visit-virtual-doctor.htm

Numbness of the Arm and Leg(DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/numbness-of-the-arm-and-leg-unilateral/visit-virtual-doctor.htm


Numbness of the Leg (DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/numbness-of-the-leg-unilateral/visit-virtual-doctor.htm


Tingling of the Leg (DSHI Systems) - http://www.freemd.com/tingling-of-the-leg-unilateral/visit-virtual-doctor.htm


Videos
NewIf I Had - Deep Vein Thrombosis(Insidermedicine) - http://www.insidermedicine.com/Archives/If_I_Had_-_Deep_Vein_Thrombosis_-_Dr_David_Lee_MD_1847.aspx?p=mdlnp


NewPeriarticular Locking Plate Procedure(OR-Live) - One hour program - 11/06/2006 - http://www.or-live.com/distributors/NLM/rnh.cfm?id=378


Clinical Trials
ClinicalTrials.gov: Intermittent Claudication From the National Institutes of Health(National Institutes of Health) - http://clinicaltrials.gov/search/open/condition=%22 Intermittent+Claudication%22


ClinicalTrials.gov: Leg Injuries From the National Institutes of Health(National Institutes of Health) - http://clinicaltrials.gov/search/open/condition=%22 Leg+Injuries%22


ClinicalTrials.gov: Leg Length Inequality From the National Institutes of Health(National Institutes of Health) - http://clinicaltrials.gov/search/open/condition=%22Leg+Length+Inequality%22


ClinicalTrials.gov: Leg Ulcer From the National Institutes of Health(National Institutes of Health) - http://clinicaltrials.gov/search/open/condition=%22Leg+Ulcer%22


Journal Articles
References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
Article: CT angiography signs of lower extremity vascular trauma. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=19542383&tool=MedlinePlus


Article: Near-infrared spectroscopy in lower extremity trauma. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=19487513&tool=MedlinePlus

Article: Metaphyseal fragmentation with physiologic bowing: a finding not to be... - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=19380550&tool=MedlinePlus


Leg Injuries and Disorders -- see more articles - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=search&db=pubmed&term=((leg+injuries[majr:noexp]+OR+leg/ab[majr]+OR+leg+bones/injuries[majr:noexp]+OR+leg+bones/ab[majr:noexp])+NOT+(fractures,bone[mh]+OR+osteoporosis[mh]+OR+hip+injuries[mh]))+AND+english[la]+AND+humans[mh]+NOT+(letter[pt]+OR+editorial[pt]+OR+case+reports[pt])&doptcmdl=summary&cmd_current=Limits&pmfilter_EDatLimit=last+1+Year&tool=MedlinePlus


Leg length inequality -- see more articles - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=search&db=pubmed&term=leg+length+inequality[mh]+AND+humans[mh]+AND+english[la]+NOT+(letter[pt]+OR+editorial[pt]+OR+case+reports[pt])&doptcmdl=summary&cmd_current=Limits&pmfilter_EDat! Limit=last+1+Year&tool=MedlinePlus
Leg ulcer -- see more articles -

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=search&db=pubmed&term=leg+ulcer[majr:noexp]+AND+english[la]+AND+humans[mh]+NOT+(letter[pt]+OR+editorial[pt]+OR+case+reports[pt])&doptcmdl=summary&cmd_current=Limits&pmfilter_EDatLimit=last+1+Year&tool=M! edlinePlus


Dictionaries/Glossaries
Glossary of Orthopaedic Words(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/glossary.cfm


Orthopedic Glossary(Children's Hospital Boston) - http://www.childrenshospital.org/clinicalservices/Site1173/mainpageS1173P9.html


Directories
Find a Peripheral Vascular Disease Screening Site(Society of Interventional Radiology) - http://www.legsforlife.org/findlfl.shtml


Find an Orthopaedist(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://www6.aaos.org/about/public/members.cfm


Organizations
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - http://www.aaos.org/

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases From the National Institutes of Health - http://www.niams.nih.gov/


Also available in Spanish http://www.niams.nih.gov/Portal_En_Espanol/


MedlinePlus Magazine
Other Causes of Leg PainFrom the National Institutes of Health - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/magazine/issues/summer08/articles/summer08pg21.html


Children
Bowed Legs(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00230


Growing Pains(Nemours Foundation) - http://kidshealth.org/parent/general/aches/growing_pains.html


Leg Length Discrepancy(Children's Hospital Boston) - http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site1100/mainpageS1100P0.html


Patient Guide to Femoral Anteversion(Johns Hopkins Dept. of Orthopaedic Surgery) - http://www.hopkinsortho.org/femoral_anteversion.html


Pediatric Thighbone (Femur) Fracture(American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00424

What a Pain! Kids and Growing Pains(Nemours Foundation) - http://kidshealth.org/kid/ill_injure/aches/growing_pains.html


You may also be interested in these MedlinePlus related pages:
Ankle Injuries and Disorders - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ankleinjuriesanddisorders.html


Deep Vein Thrombosis - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/deepveinthrombosis.html


Foot Injuries and Disorders - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/footinjuriesanddisorders.html


Hip Injuries and Disorders - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/hipinjuriesanddisorders.html


Knee Injuries and Disorders - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/kneeinjuriesanddisorders.html


Restless Legs - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/restlesslegs.html


Varicose Veins - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/varicoseveins.html


Vascular Diseases - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/vasculardiseases.html


Bones, Joints and Muscles - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bonesjointsandmuscles.html


Injuries and Wounds - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/injuriesandwounds.html


Leg Injuries and Disorders - Multiple Languages - http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/leginjuriesanddisorders.html



Date last updated: July 11 2009
Topic last reviewed: April 11 2009
From MedlinePlus (http://medlineplus.gov), 24 Hour Health Information.

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